Subjective Reactions to Phonological Variation in Costa Rican Spanish

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dc.contributor.author Berk-Seligson, Susan
dc.date.accessioned 2010-04-08T15:21:04Z
dc.date.available 2010-04-08T15:21:04Z
dc.date.issued 1984
dc.identifier.citation Berk-Seligson, Susan. "Subjective Reactions to Phonological Variation in Costa Rican Spanish." Journal of Psycholinguistic Research 13.6 (1984): 415-42. en_US
dc.identifier.issn 0090-6905
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/1803/3980
dc.description.abstract The results of a subjective reaction test on a sample of 440 Costa Ricans indicate that in societies where educational levels are not generally high, social status groups may be differentiated phonologically by the use of prestigeful features rather than by stigmatized ones, contrary to findings regarding social dialects in the United States. Participating listeners discriminated between three speakers whose reading of a Spanish text varied only according to their percentage use of stigmatized and prestige phonological variables--specifically, accent shift, vowel alternation, and consonantal alternation. As hypothesized, listeners assigned occupational status to, distanced themselves socially from, and attributed personality and socioeconomically related traits to speakers according to the degree of prestigefulness or stigmatization of the latter's speech. However, whereas listeners could distinguish well between the prestige speaker, on the one hand, and the intermediate and stigmatized speakers on the other, they barely differentiated between the latter two. Whereas male and female listeners did not differ significantly from each other in their reactions, contrary to expectation, older listeners, compared to younger ones, significantly more often discriminated between speakers in the expected direction, confirming further that sociolinguistic competence is acquired gradually. en_US
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.publisher Springer Verlag en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Spanish language -- Dialects -- Phonology en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Spanish language -- Dialects -- Costa Rica en_US
dc.title Subjective Reactions to Phonological Variation in Costa Rican Spanish en_US
dc.type Article en_US
dc.description.college College of Arts & Science en_US
dc.description.department Department of Spanish and Portuguese en_US

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