Causes of Interference: Working Memory and Distraction

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dc.contributor.advisor Zald, David H.
dc.contributor.author Larcada, Liana
dc.date.accessioned 2011-02-06T23:06:41Z
dc.date.available 2011-02-06T23:06:41Z
dc.date.issued 2011-02-06
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/1803/4725
dc.description.abstract Working memory accounts for various types of cognitive processing, including object and spatial processing. Distraction has been demonstrated to be domain-specific with the strongest interference coming from a distractor within the same realm of processing. Emotional distractors also typically generate a strong interference effect. Using an n-back working memory task for object and spatial working memory, we tested type of distractor (erotic, negative and neutral) and phase of working memory (maintenance and encode/retrieval). We found that object working memory was the most affected by these distractors. We also found that erotic images produced the strongest interference effect and distraction in the encode/retrieval phases caused decreased performance. This study further confirms the domain-specificity of working memory and makes inferences regarding emotion theory and cognitive interference. en_US
dc.description.sponsorship Thesis completed in partial fulfillment of the requirements of the Honors Program in Psychological Sciences. Mentor: Dr. David Zald en_US
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.publisher Vanderbilt University
dc.subject.lcsh Cognitive psychology en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Distraction (Psychology) en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Short-term memory en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Emotions and cognition en_US
dc.title Causes of Interference: Working Memory and Distraction en_US
dc.title.alternative Working memory and distraction en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US
dc.description.school Vanderbilt University en_US
dc.description.department Psychological Sciences en_US

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