The Significance of Gender, Context, and Contingent Self-Esteem on Feelings of Schadenfreude
Schadenfreude, which loosely translates to "taking pleasure in the misery of others," has been found in previous research to result from situations in which an individual of the same sex as the subject is to blame for his/her hardship. In addition, there is evidence towards the connection between variable self-esteem and high experience of schadenfreude. This study tests the two effects in survey form through vignettes about a "friend" in two different settings: competition in the classroom and social status at a bar. The results show that schadenfreude is mainly a result of deservingness of the subject, but is felt more strongly in certain situations depending on sex of the participant, context of the situation, sex of the protagonist, and level of contingent self-esteem.
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